Perspective seems to be one of the most complicated subjects in drawing, since it involves technical and specific knowledge. However, this matter is not as difficult to learn as many of us can imagine, you just have to understand how it works and what are the existing types of perspective, how to draw them and practice. In this article, we will have an introduction to the subject, and we will also deal with the various types of perspective that exist.
By definition, perspective, in the artistic field, is the spatial relationship that the different objects build in a scene, according to their position, in the eyes of the observer. In other words, it is the location of the elements of a scene in a drawing, and how we perceive them visually.
To talk about perspective, it is very important that we understand what a vanishing point is. This is nothing less than the points where all the lines of the drawing are going to be directed. It seems simple, right? Because it is! And the most interesting thing is that your drawing can have one, two, three or even more vanishing points at a time.
As long as you understand well how the vanishing points work, what are the types of perspective and how to draw the angles of the drawing objects well, you will be able to draw scenarios without great difficulties.
Let’s know the types of perspective
It is made from a single vanishing point, generating little depth.
For this type of perspective, two vanishing points on the horizon line are used.
It is made from three or more vanishing points, from a higher point of view.
It is the most used perspective in technical drawings, because it is quite useful for scaling objects. It is normally used at 45 degrees, but can also be applied at 30 and 60 degrees.
Conical Perspective or Real Perspective
It is the type of perspective most used by professionals, such as architects or engineers, since it is the one that is closest to reality. You can use one, two or three vanishing points.
Here, the elements have equal measurements, that is, they seem to be drawn in a cylindrical or parallel way. In other words, the distance and size of the lines will always be the same.
In this type of perspective, the vanishing point is not visible in the frame.
In this type of perspective, each character or object is highlighted according to its importance in the drawing.
It is widely used to indicate distance in a drawing, because the most distant objects lose sharpness and color.
Very used to add drama or tension in the manga, as it deforms everything in its environment.
Now that we have learned, in a summarized way, the different types of perspective that exist, both for artistic and technical drawings, you may want to deepen your knowledge on the subject. If that’s the case, this Domestika course can be quite useful, because it teaches not only perspective drawing, but also deals with this topic throughout the history of art. Don’t forget that you can use our code CHIBERIANOS-WAIFUS and get a 10% discount on the purchase of this or any other Domestika course!
Studying the basics of perspective helps us realize that drawing backgrounds is not as complex a task as it seems, and that it can even be quite fun. Now, I invite you to experiment drawing the different types of perspective there are, and also to read the other articles in this series, which you can see clicking here. 🙂